BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

Articles:

 

        1.     N.C. Seeman, MIND3:  A FORTRAN Patterson Superposition Program for the IBM 1130.  In:  Crystallographic Computing, F.R. Ahmed, ed., Munksgaard, Copenhagen (1970), pp. 87-89.

 

        2.     B. Berking and N.C. Seeman, The Crystal and Molecular Structure of 1,6;2,3-Dianhydro-b-D-gulopyranose.  Acta Crystallographica B27,1752-1760 (1971).

 

        3.     N.C. Seeman, J.L. Sussman, H.M. Berman and S.-H. Kim, Nucleic Acid Conformation:  The Crystal Structure of a Naturally Occurring Dinucleoside Phosphate (UpA).  Nature New Biology 233,  90-92 (1971).

 

        4.     N.C. Seeman, E.L. McGandy and R.D. Rosenstein, The Crystal and Molecular Structure of Pyrazole-3-L-Alanine.  Journal of the American Chemical Society 94, 1717-1720 (1972).

 

        5.     J.J. Madden, E.L. McGandy and N.C. Seeman, The Crystal Structure of the Orthorhombic Form of L-(+)-Histidine.  Acta Crystallographica B28, 2377-2382 (1972).

 

        6.     J.J. Madden, E.L. McGandy, N.C. Seeman, M.M. Harding and A. Hoy, The Crystal Structure of the Monoclinic Form of L-(+)-Histidine.  Acta Crystallographica B28, 2382-2389 (1972).

 

        7.     J.L. Sussman, N.C. Seeman, S.-H. Kim and H.M. Berman, The Crystal Structure of a Naturally Occurring Dinucleoside Phosphate:  Uridylyl-3',5'-adenosine.  Model for RNA Chain Folding.  Journal of Molecular Biology 66, 403-421 (1972).

 

        8.     N.C. Seeman, Determinata la Struttura Cristallina di un Dinucleosidofosfato Naturale (UpA).  In:  Enciclopedia Della Scienze E Della Tecnica, Annuario Della EST,  Mondadori, Milano (1972), pp. 68-69 (in Italian).

 

        9.     S.-H. Kim, H.M. Berman, N.C. Seeman and M.D. Newton, Seven Basic Conformations of Nucleic Acid Structural Units.  Acta Crystallographica B29, 703-710 (1973).

 

      10.     J.M. Rosenberg, N.C. Seeman, J.-J.P. Kim, F.L. Suddath, H.B. Nicholas and A. Rich, Double Helix at Atomic Resolution.  Nature 243, 150-154 (1973).

 

      11.     R.O. Day, N.C. Seeman, J.M. Rosenberg and A. Rich, A Crystalline Fragment of the Double Helix:  The Structure of the Dinucleoside Phosphate Guanylyl-3',5'-cytidine.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 70, 849-853 (1973).

 

      12.     S.-H. Kim, F.L. Suddath, G.J. Quigley, A. McPherson, J.L. Sussman, A.H.-J. Wang, N.C. Seeman and A. Rich, The Three Dimensional Tertiary Structure of Transfer RNA.  Science 185, 435-440 (1974).

 

      13.     S.-H. Kim, J.L. Sussman, G.J. Quigley, F.L. Suddath, A. McPherson, A.H.-J. Wang, N.C. Seeman and A. Rich, A Generalized Structure for Transfer RNA.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 71, 4970-4974 (1974).


 

      14.     N.C. Seeman, R.O. Day and A. Rich, Nucleic Acid-Mutagen Interactions:  The Crystal Structure of Adenylyl-3',5'-uridine Plus 9-Aminoacridine.  Nature 253, 324-326 (1975).

 

      15.     G.J. Quigley, A.H.-J. Wang, N.C. Seeman, F.L. Suddath, A. Rich, J.L. Sussman and S.-H. Kim, Hydrogen Bonding in Yeast Phenylalanine Transfer RNA.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 72, 4866-4870 (1975).

 

      16.     G.J. Quigley, N.C. Seeman, A.H.-J. Wang, F.L. Suddath and A. Rich, Yeast Phenylalanine Transfer RNA:  Atomic Coordinates and Torsion Angles.  Nucleic Acids Research 2, 2329-2341 (1975).

 

      17.     S.-H Kim, F.L. Suddath, G.J. Quigley, A. McPherson, J.L. Sussman, A.H.-J. Wang, N.C. Seeman and A. Rich,  The Tertiary Structure of Yeast Phenylalanine Transfer RNA.  In:  Structure and Conformations of Nucleic Acids and Protein-Nucleic Acid Interactions, ed. by M. Sundaralingam and S.T. Rao, University Park Press, Baltimore, (1975) pp. 7-14.

 

      18.     N.C. Seeman, J.M. Rosenberg and A. Rich, Sequence Specific Recognition of Double Helical Nucleic Acids by Proteins.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 73, 804-808 (1976).

 

      19.     J.M Rosenberg, N.C. Seeman, R.O. Day and A. Rich, RNA Double Helices Derived from Studies of Small Fragments.  Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 69, 979-987 (1976).

 

      20.     A. Rich and N.C. Seeman, RNA Double Helices at Atomic Resolution.  In:  Handbook of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol. II, 3rd edition, ed. by G. Fasman, CRC Press, Cleveland (1976), pp. 463-469.

 

      21.     N.C. Seeman, J.M Rosenberg, F.L. Suddath, J.-J.P. Kim and A. Rich, RNA Double Helical Fragments at Atomic Resolution I:  The Crystal and Molecular Structure of Adenylyl-3',5'-uridine Hexahydrate.  Journal of Molecular Biology 104, 109-144 (1976).

 

      22.     J.M. Rosenberg, N.C. Seeman, R.O. Day and A. Rich, RNA Double Helical Fragments at Atomic Resolution II:  The Crystal and Molecular Structure of Guanylyl-3',5'-cytidine Nonahydrate.  Journal of Molecular Biology 104, 145-167 (1976).

 

      23.     A. Rich, N.C. Seeman and J.M. Rosenberg, Protein Recognition of Base Pairs in a Double Helix.  In:  Nucleic Acid-Protein Recognition, ed. by H.G. Vogel, Academic Press, New York (1977), pp. 361-374.

 

      24.     N.H. Woo, N.C. Seeman and A. Rich, The Crystal Structure of Putrescine Diphosphate:  A Model for Amine-Nucleic Acid Interactions.  Biopolymers 18, 539-552 (1979).

 

      25.     N.C. Seeman, Single Crystal Crystallography. In:  Stereodynamics of Molecular Systems, ed. by R.H. Sarma, Pergamon Press, New York (1979), pp. 75-109.

 

      26.     N.C. Seeman, Single Crystal Crystallography for Nucleic Acid Structural Studies.  In:  Geometry and Dynamics of Nucleic Acids, ed. by R.H. Sarma, Pergamon Press, New York (1980), pp. 47-82.

      27.     N.C. Seeman, Crystallographic Investigation of Oligonucleotide    Structure. In:  Geometry and Dynamics of Nucleic Acids, ed. by R.H. Sarma, Pergamon Press, New York (1980), pp. 109-142.

 

      28.     J.F. Hyde, J.A. Zubieta and N.C. Seeman, The Crystal and Molecular Structure of ((Mo(S-CH2-CH2-S-CH2-CH2-S)2)2Ag)PF6.1/2 DMF, A Thiolate-Bridged Mixed Metal Cluster.  Inorganica Chemica Acta 54, L137-L139 (1981).

 

      29.     J.A. DiVerdi, S.J. Opella, R.-I. Ma, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, 31P NMR of DNA in Eukaryotic Chromosomal Complexes.  Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 102, 885-890 (1981).

 

      30.     N.C. Seeman, Nucleic Acid Junctions:  Building Blocks for Genetic Engineering in Three Dimensions.  In:  Biomolecular Stereodynamics, ed. by R.H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York (1981), pp. 269-277.

 

      31.     N.C. Seeman and B.H. Robinson, Simulation of Double Stranded Branch Point Migration.  In:  Biomolecular Stereodynamics, ed. by R.H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York (1981), pp. 279-300.

 

      32.     N.C. Seeman, Nucleic Acid Junctions and Lattices.  J. Theor. Biol. 99, 237-247 (1982).

 

      33.     R.D. Rosenstein, M. Oberding, J. Hyde, J.A. Zubieta, K.D. Karlin and N.C. Seeman, The Crystal Structure of Hypoxanthinium Nitrate Monohydrate:  Intercalation of Water Between Purines.  Crystal Structure Communications 11, 1507-1513 (1982).

 

      34.     N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Nucleic Acid Junctions, The Tensors of Life?  In:  Nucleic Acids:  The Vectors of Life, ed. by B. Pullman and J. Jortner, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 183-200 (1983).

 

      35.     N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Design of Immobile Nucleic Acid Junctions.  Biophysical Journal 44, 201-209 (1983).

 

      36.     N.R. Kallenbach, R.-I. Ma and N.C. Seeman, An Immobile Nucleic Acid Junction Constructed from Oligonucleotides.  Nature 305, 829-831 (1983).

 

      37.     N.R. Kallenbach, R.-I. Ma, A.J. Wand, G.H. Veeneman, J.H. van Boom and N.C. Seeman, Fourth Rank Immobile Nucleic Acid Junctions.  Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 1, 158-168 (1983).

 

      38.     N.C. Seeman, M.F. Maestre, R.-I. Ma and N.R. Kallenbach, Physical Characterization of a Nucleic Acid Junction.  In:  Progress in Clinical and Biological Research, Vol. 172A:  The Molecular Basis of Cancer, ed. by R. Rein, Alan R. Liss Inc., New York (1985), pp. 99-108.

 

      39.     N.C. Seeman, The Interactive Manipulation and Design of Macromolecular Architecture Utilizing Nucleic Acid Junctions.  Journal of Molecular Graphics 3, 34-39 (1985).

 

      40.     N.C. Seeman, Macromolecular Design, Nucleic Acid Junctions and Crystal Formation.  Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 3, 11-34 (1985).

 


 

      41.     D.E. Wemmer, A.J. Wand, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, NMR Analysis of DNA Junctions:  Imino Proton NMR Studies of Individual Arms and Intact Junction.  Biochemistry 24, 5745-5749 (1985).

 

      42.     N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, Stable Branched DNA Structures:  DNA Junctions.  Comments on Cellular and Molecular Biophysics 4, 1-16 (1986).

 

      43.     R.D. Sheardy and N.C. Seeman, The Construction of an Oligonucleotide Containing 5-Iodo-Deoxyuridine.  Journal of Organic Chemistry 51, 4301-4303 (1986).

 

      44.     R.-I. Ma, N.R. Kallenbach, R.D. Sheardy, M.L. Petrillo and N.C. Seeman, 3-Arm Nucleic Acid Junctions Are Flexible.  Nucleic Acids Research 14, 9745-9753 (1986).

 

      45.     B.H. Robinson and N.C. Seeman, Simulation of Double Stranded Branch Point Migration.  Biophysical Journal 51, 611-626 (1987).

 

      46.     L.A. Marky, N.R. Kallenbach, K.A. McDonough, N.C. Seeman and K.J. Breslauer, The Melting Behavior of a Nucleic Acid Junction:  A Calorimetric and Spectroscopic Study.  Biopolymers 26, 1621-1634 (1987).

 

      47.     B.H. Robinson and N.C. Seeman, The Design of a Biochip:  A Self-Assembling Molecular-Scale Memory Device.  Protein Engineering 1, 295-300 (1987).

 

      48.     N.C. Seeman, Physical Models for Exploring DNA Topology.  Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 5, 997-1004 (1988).

 

      49.     N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Nucleic Acid Junctions:  A Successful Experiment in Macromolecular Design.  In:  Molecular Structure:  Chemical Reactivity and Biological Activity, ed. by J.J. Stezowski J.-L. Huang and M.-C. Shao, Oxford University Press, Oxford, (1988) pp. 189-194.

 

      50.     M.E.A. Churchill, T.D. Tullius, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, A Holliday Recombination Intermediate is Twofold Symmetric.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 85, 4653-4656 (1988).

 

      51.     M.L. Petrillo, C.J. Newton, R.P. Cunningham, R.-I. Ma, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman.  The Ligation and Flexibility of 4-Arm DNA Junctions.  Biopolymers,27, 1337-1352  (1988).

 

      52.     J.-H. Chen, M.E.A. Churchill, T.D. Tullius, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, Construction and Analysis of Mono-Mobile DNA Junctions.  Biochemistry 27, 6032-6038 (1988).

 

      53.     J.-H. Chen, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Tracts of A-T Nucleotide Pairs Retard the Electrophoretic Mobility of Short DNA Duplexes.  Nucleic Acids Research 16, 6803-6812 (1988).

 

      54.     J.E. Mueller, B. Kemper, R.P. Cunningham, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C.  Seeman, T4 Endonuclease VII Cleaves the Crossover Strands of Holliday Junction Analogs.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 85, 9441-9445 (1988).

 

      55.     N.C. Seeman, J.-H. Chen and N.R. Kallenbach, Gel Electrophoretic Analysis of DNA Branched Junctions Electrophoresis 10,  345-354 (1989).

 

      56.     Q. Guo, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Site-Specific Interaction of Intercalating Drugs with a Branched DNA Molecule.  Biochemistry 28,  2355-2359 (1989).

 

      57.     N.C. Seeman, Nanoscale Assembly and Manipulation of Branched DNA:  A Biological Starting Point for Nanotechnology, NANOCON Proceedings, ed. by J. Lewis and J.L. Quel, NANOCON, P.O. Box 40176, Bellevue, WA 98004, pp. 101-123; available at http://www.halcyon.com/nanojbl/NanoConProc/nanocon3.html transcript of oral  presentation, pp. 30-36  (1989).

 

      58.     J.-H. Chen, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, A Specific Quadrilateral Synthesized from DNA Branched Junctions.  Journal of the American Chemical Society 111, 6402-6407 (1989).

 

      59.     M. Lu, Q. Guo, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, DNase I Cleavage of Branched DNA Molecules, Journal of Biological Chemistry 264, 20851-20854 (1989).

 

      60.     F. Jensch, H. Kosak, N.C. Seeman and B. Kemper, Cruciform Cutting Endonucleases From S. cerevisiae and Phage T4  Show Conserved Reactions With Branched DNA’s, EMBO Journal, 8, 4325-4334 (1989).

 

      61.     N.C. Seeman, J.E. Mueller, J.-H. Chen, M.E.A. Churchill, A. Kimball, T.D. Tullius, B. Kemper, R.P. Cunningham and N.R. Kallenbach, Immobile Junctions Suggest New Features of the Structural Chemistry of Recombination, In: Structure & Methods:  Human Genome Initiative & DNA Recombination, Vol. 1, R.H. Sarma and M.H. Sarma, eds., Adenine Press, New York, pp. 137-156 (1990).

 

      62.     Q. Guo, M. Lu, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Drug Binding by Branched DNA Molecules:  Analysis by Chemical Footprinting of Intercalation into an Immobile Junction, Biochemistry 29, 570-578, (1990).

 

      63.     M. Lu, Q. Guo, R.F. Pasternack, D.J. Wink. N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Drug Binding by Branched DNA:  Selective Interaction of Tetrapyridyl Porphyrins with an Immobile Junction, Biochemistry 29, 1614-1624 (1990).

 

      64.     A. Kimball, Q. Guo, M. Lu, N.R. Kallenbach, R.P. Cunningham, N.C. Seeman and T.D. Tullius, Conformational Isomers of Holliday Junctions, Journal of Biological Chemistry 265, 6544-6547 (1990).

 

      65.     M. Lu, Q. Guo, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Drug Binding by Branched DNA:  Selective Interaction of the Dye Stains-All with an Immobile Junction, Biochemistry 29, 3407-3412 (1990).

 

      66.     J.E. Mueller, C.J. Newton, F. Jensch, B. Kemper, R.P. Cunningham, N.R. Kallenbach and N.C. Seeman, Resolution of Holliday Junction Analogs by T4 Endonuclease VII Can Be Directed By Substrate Structure, Journal of Biological Chemistry 265, 13918-13924 (1990).                          

         

      67.     N.C. Seeman, De Novo Design of Sequences for Nucleic Acid Structure Engineering, Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics  8, 573-581 (1990).

 

      68.     M. Lu, Q. Guo, J.E. Mueller, B. Kemper, F.W. Studier, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Characterization of a Bimobile DNA Junction, Journal of Biological Chemistry 265, 16778-16785 (1990).

 

      69.     J. Chen and N.C. Seeman, The Synthesis from DNA of a Molecule with the Connectivity of a Cube, Nature 350, 631-633 (1991).

 

      70.     Y. Wang, J.E. Mueller, B. Kemper, and N.C. Seeman, The Assembly and Characterization of 5-Arm and 6-Arm DNA Junctions, Biochemistry 30, 5667-5674 (1991).

 

      71.     M. Lu, Q. Guo, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Parallel and Antiparallel Holliday Junctions Differ in Structure and Stability, Journal of Molecular Biology 221, 1419-1432 (1991).

 

      72.     J.E. Mueller, S. M. Du and N.C. Seeman, The Design and Synthesis of a Knot from Single-Stranded DNA, Journal of the American Chemical Society 113, 6306-6308 (1991).

 

      73.     J. Chen and N.C. Seeman, The Electrophoretic Properties of a DNA Cube and its Sub-Structure Catenanes Electrophoresis 12, 607-611 (1991).

 

      74.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Structural Engineering Utilizing Immobile Junctions, Current Opinion in Structural Biology 1, 653-661 (1991).

 

      75.     N.C. Seeman, The Construction of 3-D Stick Figures from Branched DNA, DNA and Cell Biology 10, 475-486 (1991).

 

      76.     N.C. Seeman, The Use of Branched DNA for Nanoscale Fabrication, Nanotechnology 2, 149-159 (1991).

 

      77.     M. Lu, Q. Guo, L.A. Marky, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, Thermodynamics of DNA Chain Branching, Journal of Molecular Biology 223, 781-789 (1992).

 

      78.     Y. Zhang and N.C. Seeman, A Solid-Support Methodology for the Construction of Geometrical Objects from DNA, Journal of the American Chemical Society 114, 2656-2663 (1992).

 

      79.     S.M. Du and N.C. Seeman, The Synthesis of a DNA Knot Containing both Positive and Negative Nodes, Journal of the American Chemical Society 114, 9652-9655 (1992).

 

      80.     S.M. Du, S. Zhang and N.C. Seeman, DNA Junctions, Antijunctions and Mesojunctions, Biochemistry 31, 10955-10963 (1992).

 

      81.     N.C. Seeman, The Design of Single-Stranded Nucleic Acid Knots, Molecular Engineering 2, 297-307 (1992).

 

      82.     T.-J. Fu and N.C. Seeman, DNA Double Crossover Structures, Biochemistry 32, 3211-3220 (1993).

 

      83.     N.C. Seeman, Nanoengineering with DNA, Biomolecular Materials:  Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 292, 123-134  (1993).

 

      84.     H. Wang, S.M. Du and N.C. Seeman, Tight Single-Stranded DNA Knots, Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 10, 853-863 (1993).

 

      85.     N.C. Seeman, Branched DNA:  A 3-D Structural Design System, Clinical Chemistry  39, 722-724 (1993).

 

      86.     N.C. Seeman, J. Chen, S.M. Du, J.E. Mueller, Y. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, H. Wang, Y. Wang, and S. Zhang, Synthetic DNA Knots and Catenanes, New Journal of Chemistry 17, 739-755 (1993).

 

      87.     V.N. Morozov, J. Sherman, N.R. Kallenbach, S.M. Du and N.C. Seeman, A Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study of the Formation and Chemical Activation of Step Defects on the Basal Plane of Pyrolytic Graphite, Journal of Microscopy 170, pt. 3, 237-245 (1993).

 

      88.     S. Zhang, T.-J. Fu and N.C. Seeman, Construction of Symmetric, Immobile DNA Branched Junctions, Biochemistry 32, 8062-8067 (1993).

 

      89.     N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, DNA Branched Junctions, Annual Review of Biophysics and Biomolecular Structure 23, 53-86 (1994).

 

      90.     S.M. Du and N.C. Seeman, The Construction of a Trefoil Knot from a DNA Branched Junction Motif, Biopolymers 34, 31-37 (1994).

 

      91.     V.N. Morozov, N.C. Seeman and N.R. Kallenbach, New Methods for Depositing and Imaging Molecules in Scanning-Tunneling Microscopy, Scanning Microscopy International 7, 757-779 (1994).

 

      92.     N.C. Seeman, Structural Control and Engineering of Nucleic Acids, In:  Concepts in Protein Engineering and Design, P. Wrede and G. Schneider, eds., Walter-de-Gruyter, Berlin, 319-343 (1994).

 

      93.     T-J. Fu, Y.-C. Tse-Dinh, and N.C. Seeman, Holliday Junction Crossover Topology, Journal of  Molecular Biology 236, 91-105 (1994).

 

      94.     N.C. Seeman, Y. Zhang, and J. Chen, DNA Nanoconstructions, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A12, 1895-1903 (1994).

 

      95.     T.-J. Fu, B. Kemper and N.C. Seeman, Endonuclease VII Cleavage of DNA Double Crossover Molecules, Biochemistry 33, 3896-3905 (1994).

 

      96.     N.C. Seeman, Y. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, S. Zhang, Y. Wang and J. Chen, Chemical Synthesis of Nanostructures, Biomolecular Materials by Design:  Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 330, 45-56 (1994).

 

      97.     S. Zhang, and N.C. Seeman, Symmetric Holliday Junction Crossover Isomers, Journal of  Molecular Biology 238, 658-668 (1994).

 

      98.     B. Liu, N.B. Leontis and N.C. Seeman, Bulged 3-arm DNA Branched Junctions as Components for Nanoconstruction, Nanobiology 3, 177-188 (1994).

 

      99.     N.C. Seeman, Y. Zhang, S.M. Du, H. Wang, J.E. Mueller, Y.Wang, B. Liu, J. Qi and J. Chen, The Control of DNA Structure and Topology:  An Overview., Molecularly Designed Ultrafine/Nanostructured Materials:  Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 351 57-66 (1994).

 

    100.     Y. Zhang and N.C. Seeman, The Construction of a DNA Truncated Octahedron, Journal of the American Chemical Society 116, 1661-1669 (1994).

 

    101.     S.M. Du, H. Wang, Y.C. Tse-Dinh and N.C. Seeman, Topological Transformations of Synthetic DNA Knots, Biochemistry 34, 673-682 (1995).

 

    102.     H. Wang and N.C. Seeman, Structural Domains of DNA Mesojunctions, Biochemistry 34, 920-929 (1995).

 

    103.     S.M. Du, B.D. Stollar, and N.C. Seeman, A Synthetic DNA Molecule in Three Knotted Topologies, Journal of the American Chemical Society 117, 1194-1200 (1995).

 

    104.     D.M.J. Lilley, R.M. Clegg, S. Diekmann, N.C. Seeman, E. von Kitzing and P. Hagerman, A Nomenclature of Junctions and Branchpoints in Nucleic Acids, European Journal of Biochemistry 230, 1-2 (1995); Nucleic Acids Research 23, 3363-3364 (1995); Journal of Molecular Biology 255, 554-555 (1996).

 

    105.     N.C. Seeman, Molecular Craftwork with DNA, The Chemical Intelligencer 1(3), 38-47 (1995).

 

    106.     N.C. Seeman, Y. Zhang, S.M. Du and J. Chen, Construction of DNA Polyhedra and Knots Through Symmetry Minimization, In:  Supramolecular Stereochemistry, ed. by J. Siegel, NATO Advanced Research Workshops Series, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 27-32 (1995).

 

    107.     E. Flapan and N.C. Seeman, A Topological Rubber Glove Obtained from a Synthetic Single Stranded DNA Molecule, Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 2249-2250 (1995).

 

    108.     J.A. Sekiguchi, N.C. Seeman and S. Shuman, Asymmetric Resolution of Holliday Junctions by Eukaryotic DNA Topoisomerase I.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA)  93, 785-789 (1996).

 

    109.     N.C. Seeman, H. Wang, J. Qi., X.J. Li, X.P. Yang, Y. Wang, H. Qiu, B. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Sun, F. Liu, J.J. Molenda, S.M. Du, J. Chen, J.E. Mueller., Y. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, and S. Zhang, DNA Nanotechnology and Topology.  In:  Biological Structure and Dynamics, ed. by R.H. Sarma and M.H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York, vol. 2, pp. 319-341 (1996).

 

    110.     J. Qi, X. Li, X. Yang and N.C. Seeman, The Ligation of Triangles Built from Bulged Three-Arm DNA Branched Junctions, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 118, 6121-6130 (1996).

 

    111.     X. Li, X. Yang, J. Qi, and N.C. Seeman, Antiparallel DNA Double Crossover Molecules as Components for Nanoconstruction, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 118, 6131-6140 (1996).

 

    112.     H. Wang, R.J. Di Gate, and N.C. Seeman, An RNA Topoisomerase, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 93, 9477-9482 (1996).

 

    113.     N.C. Seeman, Design and Engineering of Nucleic Acid Nanoscale Assemblies, Current  Opinion in Structural Biology  6, 519-526 (1996). [http://biomednet.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/fulltext.pl?uid=sb6402#sec5]

 

    114.     C. Mao, W. Sun and N.C. Seeman, Assembly of Borromean Rings from DNA, Nature 386, 137-138 (1997).

 

    115.     H. Qiu, J.C. Dewan and N.C. Seeman, A DNA Decamer with a Sticky End:  The Crystal Structure of d-CGACGATCGT.  Journal of Molecular Biology 267, 881-898 (1997).

 

    116.     X. Li, H. Wang and N.C. Seeman, Direct Evidence for Holliday Junction Crossover Isomerization.  Biochemistry 36, 4240-4247 (1997).

 

    117.     N.C. Seeman, J. Chen, Y. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, X. Li, X. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Qi, B. Liu and F. Liu, Control of Structure and Topology in DNA Nanotechnology.  In:  Molecular Nanotechnology:  Biological Approaches and Novel Applications, ed. by S.A. Minden, IBC Libraries, Southborough, MA, Chapter 2.2 (31 pages) (1997).

 

    118.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Components for Molecular Architecture.  Accounts of Chemical Research 30, 357-363 (1997).

 

    119.     N.C. Seeman, J. Qi, X. Li, X. Yang, N.B. Leontis, B. Liu, Y. Zhang, S.M. Du and J. Chen, The Control of DNA Structure:  From Topological Modules to Geometrical Modules.  In:  Modular Chemistry, ed. by J. Michl, Kluwer, 95-104 (1997).

 

    120.     X. Yang, A. Vologodskii,  B. Liu, B. Kemper and N.C. Seeman, Torsional Control of Double Stranded DNA Branch Migration.  Biopolymers 45, 69-83 (1998).

 

    121.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanotechnology:  Novel DNA Constructions.  Annual Review of Biophysics and Biomolecular Structure 27, 225-248 (1998).

 

    122.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanotechnology, In:   WTEC Workshop Report on  R & D Status and Trends in Nanoparticles, Nanostructured Materials, and Nanodevices in the United States, ed. by R.W. Siegel, E. Hu and M.C. Roco, International Technology Research Institute, Baltimore (1998); http://itri.loyola.edu/nano/us_r_n_d/09_04.htm.

 

    123.     A. V. Vologodskii, X. Yang and N.C. Seeman, Non-Complementary DNA Helical Structure Induced by Positive Torsional Stress, Nucleic Acids Research 26, 1503-1508 (1998).

 

    124.     H. Wang, R.J. Di Gate and N.C. Seeman, The Construction of an RNA Knot and its Role in Demonstrating that E. coli DNA Topoisomerase III is an RNA Topoisomerase.  Structure, Motion, Interaction and Expression of Biological Macromolecules, ed. by R.H. Sarma and M.H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York, pp. 103-116 (1998).

 

    125.     E. Winfree, F. Liu, L. A. Wenzler, and N.C. Seeman,  Design and Self-Assembly of Two-Dimensional DNA Crystals, Nature 394, 539-544 (1998).

 

    126.     N.C. Seeman, Directing the Structure of Matter through Nanotechnology, Proceedings of IEEE International Joint Symposia on Intelligence and Systems IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, CA, 146-150 (1998).

 

    127.     W. Sun, C. Mao, F. Liu and N.C. Seeman, Sequence Dependence of Branch Migratory Minima.  Journal of Molecular Biology 282, 59-70 (1998).

 

    128.     N.C. Seeman, H. Wang, X. Yang, F. Liu, C. Mao, W. Sun, L. Wenzler, Z. Shen, R. Sha, H. Yan, M.H. Wong, P. Sa-Ardyen, B. Liu, H. Qiu, X. Li, J. Qi, S.M. Du, Y. Zhang, J.E. Mueller, T.-J. Fu, Y. Wang, and J. Chen, New Motifs in DNA Nanotechnology, Nanotechnology 9, 257-273 (1998). http://www.foresight.org/Conferences/MNT05/Papers/Seeman/index.html.

 

    129.     N.C. Seeman,  J. Chen,  Y. Zhang, B. Liu,  H. Qiu,  T.-J. Fu,  Y. Wang, X. Li,  X. Yang, J. Qi,  F. Liu, L.A. Wenzler, S, Du,  J.E. Mueller,  H. Wang,  C. Mao, W. Sun, Z. Shen, M.H. Wong, H, Yan and R. Sha, A Bottom-Up Approach to Nanotechnology Using DNA, In:  Biological Molecules in Nanotechnology, ed. by S.C. Lee, IBC Libraries, Southborough, MA, pp. 45-58 (1998).

 

    130.     X. Yang, L.A. Wenzler, J. Qi, X. Li and N.C. Seeman, Ligation of DNA Triangles Containing Double Crossover Molecules, Journal of the American Chemical Society 120, 9779-9786 (1998).

 

    131.     E. Winfree, X. Yang and N.C. Seeman, Universal Computation via Self-assembly of DNA:  Some Theory and Experiments, In: DNA Based Computers II, ed. by L.F. Landweber and E.B. Baum, Am. Math. Soc., Providence, pp. 191-213 (1998).

 

    132.     N.C. Seeman, H. Wang, B. Liu, J. Qi, X. Li, X. Yang, F. Liu, W. Sun, Z. Shen, Y. Wang, R. Sha, C. Mao, S. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, S. M. Du, J.E. Mueller, Y. Zhang and J. Chen, The Perils of Polynucleotides:  The Experimental Gap Between the Design and Assembly of Unusual DNA Structures, In: DNA Based Computers II, ed. by L.F. Landweber and E.B. Baum, Am. Math. Soc., Providence, pp. 215-233 (1998).

 

    133.     N.C. Seeman, Nucleic Acid Nanostructures and Topology.  Angewandte Chemie. 110, 3408-3428 (1998); Angewandte Chemie International Edition 37, 3220-3238 (1998).

 

    134.     C. Mao, W. Sun, Z. Shen and N.C. Seeman, A DNA Nanomechanical Device Based on the B-Z Transition, Nature 397, 144-146 (1999).

 

    135.     F. Liu, R. Sha and N.C. Seeman, Modifying the Surface Features of Two-Dimensional  DNA Crystals, Journal of the American Chemical Society 121, 917-922 (1999).

 

    136.     R. Sha, F. Liu, M.F. Bruist and N.C. Seeman, Parallel Helical Domains in DNA Branched Junctions Containing 5', 5' and 3', 3' Linkages, Biochemistry 38, 2832-2841 (1999).

 

    137.     C. Mao, W. Sun and N.C. Seeman, Designed Two-Dimensional DNA Holliday Junction Arrays Visualized by Atomic Force Microscopy, Journal of the American Chemical Society 121, 5437-5443 (1999).

 

    138.     N.C. Seeman, Synthetic DNA Topology, Molecular Catenanes, Rotaxanes and Knots, ed. by J.-P. Sauvage and C. Dietrich-Buchecker, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim pp. 323-356 (1999).

 

    139.     F. Liu, H. Wang and N.C. Seeman, Short Extensions to Sticky Ends for DNA Nanotechnology and DNA-Based Computation, Nanobiology 4, 257-262 (1999).

 

    140.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Engineering and its Application to Nanotechnology, Trends in Biotechnology 17, 437-443 (1999).

 

    141.     W. Sun, C. Mao, H. Iwasaki, B. Kemper and N.C. Seeman, No Braiding of Holliday Junctions in Positively Supercoiled DNA Molecules,  Journal of Molecular Biology 294, 683-699 (1999).

 

    142.     T. LaBean, H. Yan, J. Kopatsch, F. Liu, E. Winfree, J.H. Reif and N.C. Seeman, The Construction, Analysis, Ligation and Self-Assembly of DNA Triple Crossover Complexes, Journal of the American Chemical Society 122, 1848-1860 (2000).

 

    143.     N.C. Seeman, F. Liu, C. Mao, X. Yang, L. A. Wenzler, R. Sha, W. Sun, Z. Shen, X. Li, J. Qi, Y. Zhang, T.-J. Fu, J. Chen and E. Winfree, Two Dimensions and Two States in DNA Nanotechnology, Proceedings of the 11th Conversation in Biomolecular Stereodynamics, ed. by R.H. Sarma and M.H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York, 253-262 (2000).

 

    144.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanotechnology:  From Topological Control to Structural Control, in Pattern Formation in Biology, Vision and Dynamics, ed. by A.Carbone, M.Gromov, P.Pruzinkiewicz, World Scientific Publishing Company, Singapore, 271-309 (2000).

 

    145.     N.C. Seeman, C. Mao, F. Liu, R. Sha, X. Yang, L. Wenzler, X. Li,  Z. Shen, H. Yan, P. Sa-Ardyen, X. Zhang, W. Shen, J. Birac, P. Lukeman, Y. Pinto, J. Qi, B. Liu, H. Qiu, S.M. Du, H. Wang, W. Sun, Y. Wang, T.-J. Fu, Y. Zhang, J.E. Mueller and J. Chen, Nicks, Nodes, and New Motifs for DNA Nanotechnology, Frontiers of Nano-Optoelectronic Systems, ed. by  L. Pavesi & E. Buzanova, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 177-198 (2000).

 

    146.     R. Sha, F. Liu and N.C. Seeman, Direct Evidence for Spontaneous Branch Migration in Antiparallel DNA Holliday Junctions,  Biochemistry 39, 11514-11522 (2000).

 

    147.     R. Sha, H. Iwasaki, F. Liu, H. Shinagawa and N.C. Seeman, Cleavage of Symmetric Immobile DNA Junctions by Escherichia coli Ruv C, Biochemistry 39, 11982-11988 (2000).

 

    148.     R. Sha, F. Liu, D.P. Millar and N.C. Seeman, Atomic Force Microscopy of Parallel DNA Branched Junction Arrays, Chemistry & Biology 7, 743-751 (2000).

 

    149.     A. Podtelezhnikov, C. Mao, N.C. Seeman & A. Vologodskii, Multimerization-Cyclization of DNA Fragments as a Method of Conformational Analysis, Biophys. J. 79, 2692-2704 (2000).

 

    150.     C. Mao, T. LaBean, J.H. Reif and N.C. Seeman, Logical Computation Using Algorithmic Self-Assembly of DNA Triple Crossover Molecules,  Nature 407, 493-496 (2000); Erratum:  Nature 408, 750-750 (2000).

 

    151.     N.C. Seeman, In the Nick of Space:  Generalized Nucleic Acid Complementarity and the Development of DNA Nanotechnology, Synlett  2000, 1536-1548 (2000).

 

    152.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Nicks and Nodes and Nanotechnology, NanoLetters 1, 22-26 (2001).

 

    153.     J.H. Reif, T.H. LaBean & N.C. Seeman, Challenges and Applications for Self-Assembled DNA Nanostructures, Sixth International Workshop on DNA-Based Computers, DNA 2000, Leiden, The Netherlands, (June, 2000) ed. A. Condon, G. Rozenberg. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2054, 173-198, (2001).

 

    154.     H. Yan and N.C. Seeman, Edge-Sharing Motifs in Structural DNA Nanotechnology.  Journal of Supramolecular Chemistry 1, 229-237 (2001).

 

    155.     H. Yan, X. Zhang, Z. Shen and N.C. Seeman, A Robust DNA Mechanical Device Controlled by Hybridization Topology, Nature 415, 62-65 (2002).

 

    156.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanotechnology:  Life's Central Performer in a New Role, Biological Physics Newsletter 2 (1) 2-6 (2002).

 

    157.     N.C. Seeman, It Started with Watson and Crick, But it Sure Didn't End There:  Pitfalls and Possibilities beyond the Classic Double Helix, Natural Computing 1, 53-84 (2002).

 

    158.     N.C. Seeman & A.M. Belcher, Emulating Biology:  Nanotechnology from the Bottom Up, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 99 (supp. 2), 6451-6455 (2002).

 

    159.     R. Sha, F. Liu and N.C. Seeman, Atomic Force Measurement of the Interdomain Angle in Symmetric Holliday Junctions, Biochemistry 41, 5950-5955 (2002).

 

    160.     N.C. Seeman, Key Experimental Approaches in DNA Nanotechnology, Current Protocols in Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Unit 12.1, John Wiley & Sons, New York (2002).

 

    161.     R. Sha, F. Liu, H. Iwasaki and N.C. Seeman, Parallel Symmetric Immobile DNA Junctions as Substrates for E. coli RuvC Holliday Junction Resolvase.  Biochemistry 41, 10985-10993 (2002).

 

    162.     A. Carbone and N.C. Seeman, Circuits and Programmable Self-Assembling DNA Structures, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 99 12577-12582 (2002).

 

    163.     X. Zhang, H. Yan, Z. Shen and N.C. Seeman, Paranemic Cohesion of Topologically-Closed DNA Molecules, J Am. Chem. Soc.124, 12940-12941 (2002).

 

    164.     S. Xiao, F. Liu, A. Rosen, J.F. Hainfeld, N.C. Seeman, K.M. Musier-Forsyth & R.A. Kiehl, Self-Assembly of Nanoparticle Arrays by DNA Scaffolding, J. Nanoparticle Research 4, 313-317 (2002).

 

    165.     A. Carbone and N.C. Seeman, Fractal Designs Based on DNA Parallelogram Structures, Natural Computing 1, 469-480 (2002).

 

    166.     L. Zhu, O. dos Santos, N.C. Seeman and J.W. Canary, Reaction of N3-Benzoyl-3’, 5’-O-(di-tert-butylsilanediyl)uridine with Hindered Electrophiles:  Intermolecular N3 to 2'-O Protecting Group Transfer, Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids 21, 723-735 (2002)..

    167.     N.C. Seeman, DNA in a Material World, Nature 421, 427-431 (2003).

 

    168.     N.C. Seeman, Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  A New Organizing Principle for Advanced Nanomaterials, Materials Today 6 (7), 24-29  (2003).

 

    169.     P. Sa-Ardyen, N. Jonoska and N.C. Seeman, Self-Assembling DNA Graphs, DNA-Based Computers VIII, LNCS 2568, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1-9 (2003).

 

    170.     P. Sa-Ardyen, A.V. Vologodskii and N.C. Seeman, The Flexibility of DNA Double Crossover Molecules.  Biophysical Journal 84, 3829-3837 (2003).

 

    171.     N. Jonoska, P. Sa-Ardyen and N.C. Seeman, Computation by Self-Assembly of DNA Graphs, Journal of Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines 4, 123-137 (2003).

 

    172.     N.C. Seeman, Biochemistry and Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  An Evolving Symbiotic Relationship, Biochemistry 42, 7259-7269 (2003).

 

    173.     L. Zhu, P.S. Lukeman, J. Canary & N.C. Seeman, Nylon/DNA:  Single-Stranded DNA with Covalently Stitched Nylon Lining, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 10178-10179 (2003).

 

    174.     A. Carbone and N.C. Seeman, Coding and Geometrical Shapes in Nanostructures: a Fractal DNA-Assembly, Natural Computing 2, 133-151 (2003).

 

    175.     N.C. Seeman, DNA:  Beyond the Double Helix, Macromolecular Symposia 201, 237-244 (2003).

 

    176.     N.C. Seeman, At the Crossroads of Chemistry, Biology and Materials:  Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Chemistry & Biology 10, 1151-1159 (2003).

 

    177.     P. Sa-Ardyen, N. Jonoska and N.C. Seeman, Self-Assembling DNA Graphs, Natural Computing, 2, 427-438 (2003).

 

    178.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanostructures for Mechanics and Computing:  Nonlinear Thinking With Life's Central Molecule.  NanoBiotechnology.  Editors, Chad Mirkin and Christof Niemeyer, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co., Weinheim, Chapter 20, pp 308-318 (2004).

 

    179.     Z. Shen, H. Yan, T. Wang and N.C. Seeman, Paranemic Crossover DNA:  A Generalized Holliday Structure with Applications in Nanotechnology J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 1666-1674 (2004).

 

    180.     N. Jonoska, S. Liao, & N.C. Seeman, Transducers with programmable input by DNA Self-assembly, Aspects of Molecular Computing, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2340, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 219-240 (2004).

 

    181.     A. Carbone & N.C. Seeman, Molecular Tiling and DNA Self-Assembly, Aspects of Molecular Computing, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2340, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 61-83 (2004).

 

    182.     S. Liao, C. Mao, J.J. Birktoft, S. Shuman and N.C. Seeman, Resolution of Undistorted Symmetric Immobile DNA Junctions by Vaccinia Topoisomerase I, Biochemistry 43, 1520-31 (2004).

 

    183.     N.C. Seeman.  Nanotechnology and the Double Helix, Scientific American., 290, (6) 64-75 (2004).

 

    184.     P. Sa-Ardyen, N. Jonoska and N.C. Seeman, The Construction of Graphs Whose Edges are DNA Helix Axes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 126, 6648-6657 (2004).

 

    185.     W.B. Sherman and N.C. Seeman, A Precisely Controlled DNA Bipedal Walking Device, NanoLetters 4, 1203-1207 (2004); Erratum, 4, 1801-1801.

 

    186.     P.S. Lukeman, A. Mittal, & N.C. Seeman, Two Dimensional PNA/DNA Arrays:  Estimating the Helicity of Unusual Nucleic Acid Polymers, Chemical Communications 2004, 1694-1695 (2004).

 

    187.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanotechnology, Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry, Marcel Dekker, New York, 475-483 (2004).

 

    188.     A. Carbone, C. Mao, P. Constantinou, B. Ding, J. Kopatsch, W. B. Sherman and N.C. Seeman, 3D Fractal DNA Assembly from Coding, Geometry and Protection, Natural Computing 3, 235-252 (2004).

 

    189.     B. Ding, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, Pseudohexagonal 2D DNA Crystals from Double Crossover Cohesion, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 10230-10231 (2004).

 

    190.     P. Paukstelis, J. Nowakowski, J.J. Birktoft and N.C. Seeman, The Crystal Structure of a Continuous Three-Dimensional DNA Lattice, Chemistry and Biology 11, 1119-1126 (2004).

 

    191.     W. Shen, M. Bruist, S. Goodman & N.C. Seeman, A Nanomechanical Device for Measuring the Excess Binding Energy of Proteins that Distort DNA, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43, 4750-4752 (2004); Angew.Chem. 116, 4854-4856 (2004).

 

    192.     S. Liao and N.C. Seeman, Translation of DNA Signals into Polymer Assembly Instructions, Science 306, 2072-2074 (2004).

 

    193.     J. D. Le, Y. Pinto, N.C. Seeman, K. Musier-Forsyth, T. A. Taton and R.A. Kiehl, Self-Assembly of Nanoelectronic Component Arrays by In Situ Hybridization to 2D DNA Scaffolding, NanoLetters 4, 2343-2347 (2004).

 

    194.     G. Serrano & N.C. Seeman, Nanotecnologia basada en ADN, Revista de Química 19, 11-20 (2004), in Spanish.

 

    195.     N.C. Seeman and P.S. Lukeman, Nucleic Acid Nanostructures, Reports on Progress in Physics 68, 237-270 (2005).

 

    196.     N.C. Seeman, B. Ding , S. Liao , T. Wang, W.B. Sherman, P.E. Constantinou, J. Kopatsch, C. Mao, R. Sha, F. Liu, H. Yan & P.S. Lukeman, Experiments in Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  Arrays and Devices , Proc. SPIE; Nanofabrication:  Technologies, Devices and Applications 5592, 71-81 (2005).

 

    197.     N.C. Seeman, From Genes to Machines:  DNA Nanomechanical Devices, Trends in Biochemical Sciences 30, 119-125 (2005).

 

    198.     N.C. Seeman.  Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  An Overview. Methods in Molecular Biology 303: Bionanotechnology Protocols, Editors, Sandra J. Rosenthal and David W. Wright, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 143-166 (2005).

 

    199.     F. Mathieu, S. Liao, C. Mao, J. Kopatsch, T. Wang, and N.C. Seeman, Six-Helix Bundles Designed from DNA, NanoLetters 5, 661-665 (2005).

 

    200.     R. Sha, X. Zhang, S. Liao, P.E. Constantinou, B. Ding, T. Wang, A.V. Garibotti, H. Zhong, L.B. Israel, X. Wang,, G. Wu, B. Chakraborty, J. Chen, Y. Zhang, C. Mao, H. Yan, J. Kopatsch, J. Zheng, P.S. Lukeman, W.B. Sherman, N.C. Seeman., Motifs and Methods in Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Proc. Intl. Conf. Nanomaterials, NANO 2005, July 13-15, 2005, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Srivakasi, India, V. Rajendran, ed., pp. 3-10 (2005).

 

    201.     M. Endo, N.C. Seeman and T. Majima, DNA Tube Structures Controlled by a Four-Way-Branched DNA Connector, Angew. Chemie, Int. Ed. 44 6074-6077 (2005).

 

    202.     R. Sha, X. Zhang, S.Liao, P.E. Constantinou, B. Ding, T. Wang, A.V. Garibotti, H. Zhong, L.B. Israel, X. Wang, G. Wu, B. Chakraborty, J. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Yan, Z. Shen, W. Shen, P. Sa-Ardyen, J. Kopatsch, J. Zheng, P.S. Lukeman, W.B. Sherman, C. Mao, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  Molecular Construction and Computation,  Unconventional Computation: Proceedings of UC 2005, 4th International Conference, Sevilla Spain, Oct 2005.  Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3699, C.S; Calude, M.J. Dinneen, G. Paun, M.J. Perez-Jimenez, G. Rozenberg, eds., 20-31 (2005).

 

    203.     N.C. Seeman, The Challenge of Structural Control on the Nanoscale: Bottom-Up Self-Assembly of Nucleic Acids in 3D, Int. J. Nanotech. 2, 348-370 (2005).

 

    204.     M. Cavaliere, N. Jonoska, S. Yogev, R. Piran, E. Keinan and N.C. Seeman, Biomolecular Implemention of Computing Devices with Unbounded Memories, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (G. Ferretti, C., Mauri, G., Zandron, C., eds.), Springer,  3384, 35-49 (2005).

 

    205.     C. Mao, P.E. Constantinou, F. Liu, Y. Pinto, J. Kopatsch, P.S. Lukeman, T. Wang, W.B. Sherman, B. Ding, H. Yan, J.J. Birktoft, R. Sha, H.Zhong, L. Foley, L.A. Wenzler, R. Sweet, M. Becker and N.C. Seeman, The Design of Self-Assembled 3D DNA Networks, Proc. Intl. Symp. on Nanoscale Devices, Materials, and Biological Systems, 206th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Honolulu, PV 2004-XX, Editors:  M. Cahay, M. Urquidi-Macdonald, S.Bandyopadhyay, P. Guo, H. Hasegawa, N. Koshida, J.P. Leburton, D.J., Lockwood, S. Seal,  and A. Stella., vol. 13, 509-520 (2005).

 

    206.     Y.Y. Pinto, J.D. Le, N.C. Seeman, K. Musier-Forsyth, T.A. Taton & R. A. Kiehl, Sequence-Encoded Self-Assembly of Multiple-Nanocomponent Arrays by 2D DNA Scaffolding, NanoLetters 5, 2399-2402 (2005).

 

    207.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Enables Nanoscale Control of the Structure of Matter, Quart. Rev. Biophys. 38, 363-371 (2005).

 

    208.     Baryshnikov, Y., Coffman, E., Seeman, N.C. and Yimwadsana, T., Self-Correcting Self-Assembly:  Growth Models and the Hammersley Process, DNA-11, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3892, A. Carbone & N.A. Pierce, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1-11 (2006).

 

    209.     W.B. Sherman & N.C. Seeman, Design of Low-Stress Nucleic Acid Nanotubes, Biophys. J., 90, 4546-4557 (2006).

 

    210.     J. Zheng, P.E. Constantinou, C. Micheel, A.P. Alivisatos, R.A. Kiehl & N.C. Seeman, 2D Nanoparticle Arrays Show the Organizational Power of Robust DNA Motifs, NanoLetters 6, 1502-1504 (2006).

 

    211.     A.V. Garibotti, S.M. Knudsen, A.D. Ellington & N.C. Seeman, Functional DNAzymes Organized into 2D Arrays, NanoLetters 6, 1505-1507 (2006).

 

    212.     P.E. Constantinou, T. Wang, J. Kopatsch, L.B. Israel, X. Zhang, B. Ding, W.B. Sherman, X. Wang, J. Zheng, R. Sha, N. C. Seeman, Double Cohesion in Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 4, 3414-3419 (2006).

 

    213.     J.J. Birac, W.B. Sherman, J. Kopatsch, P.E. Constantinou and N.C. Seeman, GIDEON, A Program for Design in Structural DNA Nanotechnology, J. Mol. Graphics & Modeling 25, 470-480 (2006).

 

    214.     G. Wu & N.C. Seeman, A Method of Multiplying with DNA, Natural Computing 5, 427-441, (2006).

 

    215.     B. Ding & N.C. Seeman, Operation of a DNA Robot Arm Inserted Into a 2D DNA Crystalline Substrate, Science 314, 1583-1585 (2006).

 

    216.     H. Zhong & N.C. Seeman, RNA Used to Control a DNA Rotary Machine, NanoLetters 6, 2899-2903 (2006).

 

    217.     A.V. Garibotti, S. Liao & N.C. Seeman, A Simple DNA-Based Translation System, NanoLetters 7, 480-483 (2007).

 

    218.     A. Kuzuya, R. Wang, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, Six-Helix and Eight-Helix DNA Nanotubes Assembled from Half-Tubes, NanoLetters 7, 1757-1763 (2007).

 

    219.     X. Wang & N.C. Seeman, The Assembly and Characterization of 8-Arm and 12-Arm DNA Branched Junctions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, 8169-8176 (2007).

 

    220.     N.C. Seeman, An Overview of Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Mol. Biotech. 37, 246-257 (2007).

 

    221.     C. Lin, X. Wang, Y. Liu, N.C. Seeman & H. Yan, Rolling Circle Enzymatic Replication of a Complex Multi-Crossover DNA Nanostructure, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, 14475-14481 (2007).

 

    222.     N.C. Seeman, Nanotechnology and the Double Helix, Scientific American Reports, 30-39, September issue (2007).

 

    223.     W. Liu, X. Wang, T. Wang, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, A PX DNA Triangle Oligomerized Using a Novel Three-Domain Motif, NanoLett 8, 317-322 (2008).

 

    224.     P.S. Lukeman, M. Stevenson & N.C. Seeman, Morphology Change of Calcium Carbonate in the Presence of Polynucleotides, Cryst. Growth & Design 8, 1200-1202 (2008).

 

    225.     N.C. Seeman, DNA Nanoarchitectures, DNA Nanotechnology, DNA Nanotubes, DNA Self-Assembly,  Nucleic Acids from A to Z, Sabine Müller, Ed., Wiley VCH Weinheim,  (2008), pp 79-80; 81-82; 82-82; 86-86.

 

    226.     Y. Liu, R. Wang, L. Ding, R. Sha, P.S. Lukeman, J. W. Canary & N.C. Seeman, Thermodynamic Analysis of Nylon Nucleic Acids, ChemBioChem 9, 1641-1648 (2008).

 

    227.     J. Lin, N.C. Seeman & N. Vaidehi, Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Insertion of Chemically Modified DNA Nanostructures into a Water-Chloroform Interface, Biophys. J. 95, 1099-1107 (2008).

 

    228.     Y. Liu, R. Sha, R. Wang, L. Ding , J.W. Canary, & N.C. Seeman, 2',2'-Ligation Demonstrates the Thermal Dependence of DNA-Directed Positional Control, Tetrahedron 64, 9417-8422 (2008).

         

    229.     Y. Liu, A. Kuzuya, R. Sha, J. Guillaume, R. Wang, J.W. Canary & N.C. Seeman, Coupling Across a DNA Helical Turn Yields a Hybrid DNA/Organic Catenane Doubly Tailed with Functional Termini, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 10882-10883 (2008).

 

    230.     J. Zheng, P.S. Lukeman, W.B. Sherman, C. Micheel, A. P. Alivisatos, P.E. Constantinou & N.C. Seeman, Metallic Nanoparticles Used to Estimate the Structural Integrity of DNA Motifs, Biophysical Journal 95, 3340-3348 (2008).

 

    231.     B. Chakraborty, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, A DNA-Based Nanomechanical Device with Three Robust States, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 105, 17245-17249 (2008).

 

    232.     C. Lin, S. Rinker, X. Wang, Y. Liu, N. C. Seeman & H. Yan, In Vivo Cloning of Artificial DNA Nanostructures, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 105, 17626-17631 (2008).

 

    233.     H. Gu, J. Chao, S.J. Xiao & N.C. Seeman, Dynamic Patterning Programmed by DNA Tiles Captured on a DNA Origami Substrate, Nature Nanotech. 4, 245-249, DOI 10.1038/NNANO.2009.5 (2009).

 

    234.     R. Dreyfus, M.E. Leunissen, R. Sha, A.V. Tkachenko,  N.C. Seeman, D.J. Pine & P.M. Chaikin, A simple quantitative model for the reversible association of DNA coated colloids, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, Article  048301 (2009).

 

    235.     N. Jonoska, N.C. Seeman & G. Wu, On the Existence of Reporter Strands in DNA-Based Graph Structures,  Theor. Computer Sci. 410, 1448-1460 (2009).

 

    236.     M. Leunissen, R. Dreyfus, R. Sha, T. Wang, N.C. Seeman, D.J. Pine, & P.M. Chaikin, Towards Self-Replicating Materials of DNA-Functionalized Colloids, Soft Matter 5, 2422-2430, DOI: 10.1039/b817679e (2009).

 

    237.     T. Omabegho, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, A  Bipedal DNA Brownian Motor with Coordinated Legs, Science  324, 67-71 (2009).

 

    238.     N.C. Seeman, Synthetic Single-Stranded DNA Topology, Applications of Knot Theory, D. Buck & E. Flapan, Eds, Am. Math. Soc. Proc. Symp. Applied. Math. 66 121-153 (2009).

 

    239.     M.E. Leunissen, R.Dreyfus, F.C. Cheong, D.G. Grier, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman & P.M. Chaikin, Switchable Self-Protected Attractions in DNA-Functionalized Colloids, Nature Materials, 8, 590-595 (2009).

 

    240.     C. Liu, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Reciprocal DNA Nanomechanical Devices Controlled by the Same Set Strands, NanoLetters 9, 2641-2647 (2009).

 

    241.     C.H. Spink, L. Ding, Q. Yang, R.D. Sheardy & N.C. Seeman, Thermodynamics of Forming a Parallel Holliday Crossover, Biophys. J. 97, 528-538 (2009).

 

    242.     R. Wang, W. Liu & N.C. Seeman, Prototyping Nanorod Control:  A DNA Double Helix Sheathed within a DNA 6-Helix Bundle, Chem. &. Biol. 16, 862-867 (2009).

 

    243.     J. Zheng, J.J. Birktoft, Y. Chen, T. Wang, R. Sha, P.E. Constantinou, S.L. Ginell, C. Mao, & N.C. Seeman, From Molecular to Macroscopic via the Rational Design of a Self-Assembled 3D DNA Crystal, Nature 461, 74-77 (2009).

 

 

 

    244.     N.C. Seeman, The Perils of Polynucleotides Revisited, in Algorithmic Processes, A. Condon, D. Harel, J.N. Kok, A. Salomaa and E. Winfree, eds., Springer, pp. 205-214 (2009).

         

    245.     G. Wu, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Construction of a DNA Nano-Object Directly Demonstrates Computation, Biosystems 98, 80-84 (2009) DOI: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2009.07.004.

 

    246.     M.E. Leunissen, R. Dreyfus, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman & P. M Chaikin, A quantitative study of the association thermodynamics and kinetics of DNA-coated particles for different functionalization schemes, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 1903-1913 (2010).

 

    247.     E. Dolzhenko, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Transducer-Generated Arrays of Robotic Nano-Arms, Natural Computing 9, 437-455 (2010).

 

    249.     H. Gu, W. Yang & N.C. Seeman, A DNA Scissors Device Used to Measure MutS Binding to DNA Mis-Pairs, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 4352-4357 (2010).

 

    250.     H. Gu, J. Chao, S.J. Xiao & N.C. Seeman, A Proximity-Based Programmable DNA Nanoscale Assembly Line, Nature 465, 202-205 (2010).

 

    251.     N.C. Seeman, Frontiers of science award lecture sponsored by Cosmetics and Toiletries, DNA:  Not Merely the Secret of Life, J. Cosmetic Science 61, 62-63 (2010).

 

    252.     R. Dreyfus, M.E. Leunissen, R. Sha, A. Tkachenko, N.C. Seeman, D.J. Pine, P.M. Chaikin, Aggregation-disaggregation transition of DNA-coated colloids:  Experiments and theory, Phys. Rev. E. 81, 041404 (2010).

 

    255.     N.C. Seeman, Structural DNA Nanotechnology:  Growing Along with NanoLetters, NanoLetters 10, 1971-1978 (2010).

 

    253.     N.C. Seeman, Nanomaterials Based on DNA, Ann. Rev. Biochem. 79, 65-87 (2010).

 

    254.     M.I. Lvovska, N.C. Seeman, R. Sha, T.R. Globus, T.B. Khromova & T.S. Dorofeeva, THz Characterization of DNA Four-Way Junctions and its Components, IEEE Trans. Nanotech. 9, 610-617 (2010).

 

    256.     X. Wang, X. Zhang, C. Mao & N.C. Seeman, Double-Stranded DNA Homology Produces a Physical Signature, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 107, 12547-12552 (2010).

 

    257.     R. Wang, A. Kuzuya, W. Liu & N.C. Seeman, Blunt-Ended DNA Stacking Interactions in a 3-Helix Motif, Chem. Comm. 46, 4905 - 4907 (2010).

 

    258.     T. Wang, R. Sha, J.J. Birktoft, J. Zheng, C. Mao & N.C. Seeman, A DNA Crystal Designed to Contain Two Molecules per Asymmetric Unit, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 15471-15473 (2010).

 

    259.     N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Finite State Automata by DNA Assembly, ICT Innovations, CCIS 83, 1-4 (2011).

         

    260.     W. Liu, H. Zhong, R. Wang & N.C. Seeman, Crystalline Two-Dimensional DNA Origami Arrays, Angew. Chemie 50, 264-267 (2011).

 

    261.     H.K.K. Subramanian, B. Chakraborty, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, The Label-Free Unambiguous Detection and Symbolic Display of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms on DNA Origami, NanoLett. 11, 910-913 (2011).

 

    262.     T. Ciengshin, R. Sha & N.C. Seeman, Automatic Molecular Weaving Prototyped Using Single-Stranded DNA, Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 50, 4419-4422 (2011).

 

    263.     Q. Xu, L. Feng., R. Sha, N.C. Seeman & P.M. Chaikin, Subdiffusion of a Sticky Particle on a Surface, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 228102 (2011).

 

    264.     A. Lehmuskero, N. Hakulinen, H. Lajunen, B. Bai, L. Huang, J. Turunen, J. Zheng, R. Sha, P. Vahimaa & N. C. Seeman, Linear Birefringence Magnitude of Artificial DNA Crystals, Optical Materials Express 1, 936-942 (2011).

 

    265.     T. Wang, R. Sha, R. Dreyfus, M.E. Leunissen, C. Maass, D. Pine, P.M. Chaikin & N.C. Seeman, Self-Replication of Information-Bearing Nanoscale Patterns, Nature, 478, 225-228 (2011).

 

    266.     B. Chakraborty, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, A Programmable Transducer Self-Assembled from DNA, Chem. Sci. 3, 168-176 (2012).

 

    267.     N.A. Baas & N. C. Seeman, On the Chemical Synthesis of New Topological Structures, J. Math. Chem. 50, 220-232 (2012).

 

    268.     C. Liu, E. Kim, B. Demple & N.C. Seeman, A DNA-Based Nanomechanical Device Used to Characterize the Distortion of DNA by Apo-SoxR Protein, Biochem. 51, 937-943 (2012).

 

    269.     T. Wang, D. Schiffels, S. M. Cuesta, D. K. Fygenson & N. C. Seeman, Design and Characterization of 1D Nanotubes and 2D Periodic Arrays Self-Assembled From DNA Multi-Helix Bundles, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 1606-1616 (2012).

 

    270.     J.E. Padilla, W. Liu & N.C. Seeman, Hierarchical Self Assembly of Patterns from the Robinson Tilings:  DNA Tile Design in an Enhanced Tile Assembly Model, Natural Computing 11, 323-338 (2012).

 

    271.     N. Nguyen,  J.J. Birktoft, R. Sha, T. Wang, J. Zheng, P.E. Constantinou, S.L. Ginell, Y. Chen, C. Mao & N.C. Seeman, The Absence of Tertiary Interactions in a Self-Assembled DNA Crystal Structure, J. Mol. Recognition 25, 234-237 (2012).

 

    272.     N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Computing by Molecular Self-Assembly, Interface Focus 2, 504-511 (2012).

 

    273.     Y. Liu, R. Wang, L. Ding, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman & J.W. Canary,   Templated Synthesis of Nylon Nucleic Acids and Characterization by Nuclease Digestion, Chem. Sci., 3, 1930-1937 (2012).

 

    274.     N.C. Seeman, J.J. Birktoft, R. Sha, H. Gu, T. Wang, J. Zheng, J. Chao, P. Constantinou, B. Ding & C. Mao, DNA Crystals, Constructs and Devices, Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering and Technology, 3rd Edition, ed. by W.A Goddard, III, D.W. Brenner, S.E. Lyshevski & G.J. Iafrate, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, New York, 1037-1049 (2012).

 

    275.     K.-T. Wu, L. Feng, R. Sha, R. Dreyfus, A.Y. Grosberg, N.C. Seeman & P.M. Chaikin, Polygamous Particles, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 109, 18731-18736 (2012).

 

 

    276.     L. Feng, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman and P.M. Chaikin, Topological Interaction by Entangled DNA Loops, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 188301 (2012).

 

    277.     M. Ye, J. Guillaume, Y. Liu, R. Sha, R. Wang, N.C. Seeman & J.W. Canary, Site-Specific Inter-Strand Cross-Links of DNA Duplexes, Chem. Sci. 4, 1319-1329 (2013).

 

    278.     R. Sha, J.J. Birktoft, N. Nguyen, A.R. Chandrasekaran, J. Zheng, X. Zhao, C. Mao, N.C. Seeman, Self-Assembled DNA Crystals:  The Impact on Resolution of 5'-Phosphates and the DNA Source, NanoLett. 13, 793-797 (2013).

 

    279.     M.J. Gait, M. Komiyama, N.C. Seeman, O. Seitz, J. Micklefield, D.R. Liu, Nucleic Acids:  New Life, New Materials, Org. Biomol. Chem. 11, 2058-2959 (2013), DOI: 10.1039/C3OB90017G.

 

    280.     J.E. Padilla, M.J. Patitz, R. Pena, R.T. Schweller, N.C. Seeman, R. Sheline, S.M. Summers, & X. Zhong, Asynchronous Signal Passing for Tile Self-Assembly: Fuel Efficient Computation and Efficient Assembly of Shape, Unconventional Computing and Natural Computation; Lecture Notes in Computer Science 7956, 174-185 (2013).

 

    281.     L. Feng, R. Dreyfus, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman, P.M. Chaikin, DNA Patchy Particles, Adv. Materials 20, 2779-2783 (2013).

 

    282.     K.-T. Wu, L. Feng, R. Sha, R. Dreyfus, A.Y. Grosberg, N.C. Seeman, P.M. Chaikin, Kinetics of DNA-Coated Sticky Particles, Phys. Rev. E., 88 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.022304 (2013).

 

    283.     L. Feng, J. Romulus, M. Li, R. Sha, J. Royer, K.-T. Wu, Q. Xu., N.C. Seeman, M. Weck, P.M. Chaikin, Cinnamate-Based DNA Photolithography, Nature Materials 12, 747-753 (2013).

 

    284.     N.C. Seeman, Another Important 60th Anniversary, Advances in Polymer Science 261, Hierarchical Polymer Structures: 60 Years after the Staudinger Nobel Prize, V. Percec ed., Springer, 217-228 (2013).

 

    285.     N.C. Seeman, Art as a Stimulus for DNA Nanotechnology, Leonardo 47 (2), 143-149 (2014).

 

    286.     N.C. Seeman, Preface to Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology, by JŅrgen Kjems, Elena Ferapontova and Kurt V. Gothelf, Springer, Heidelberg, v-vii (2014).

 

    287.     D.A. Rusling, A.R. Chandrasekaran, Y. Ohayon, T.Brown, K.R. Fox, R. Sha, C. Mao & N.C. Seeman, Functionalizing Designer DNA Crystals with a Triple-Helical Veneer, Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 53, 4060-4063 (2014), DOI: 10.1002/anie.201309914.

 

    288.     A. Udomprasert, M.N. Bongiovanni, R. Sha, W.B. Sherman, T. Wang, P.S. Arora, J.W. Canary, S.L. Gras & N.C. Seeman, Amyloid Fibrils Nucleated and Organized by DNA Origami Constructions, Nature Nanotech. 9, 537-541 (2014), doi: 10.1038/nnano.2014.102.

 

    289.     N.C. Seeman, C. Mao & H. Yan, Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology, Accts. of Chem. Res. 47, 1643-1644 (2014).

 

    290.     N.C. Seeman, The Crystallographic Roots of DNA Nanotechnology, ACA Reflexions, Summer, No. 2, 19-23. (2014).

 

    291.     J.E. Padilla, M.J. Patitz, R. Pena, R.T. Schweller, N.C. Seeman, R. Sheline, S.M. Summers, & X. Zhong, Asynchronous Signal Passing for Tile Self-Assembly: Fuel Efficient Computation and Efficient Assembly of Shapes, Int. J. Founds. of Comp. Sci. 25, 459-488 (2014).

 

    292.     D.D. Li, X.J. Wang, F. Shi, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman, J.W. Canary, Templated DNA Ligation with Thiol Chemistry, Org. & Biomol. Chem. 12, 8823-8827 (2014).

 

    293.     N A. Baas, N.C. Seeman, A. Stacey, Synthesizing Topological Links, J. Math. Chem., 53, 183-199 (2015) DOI 10.1007/s10910-014-0420-3.

 

    294.     M.B. Jones, N.C. Seeman and C.A. Mirkin, Programmable Materials and the Nature of the DNA Bond, Science 347, 840-840, DOI: 10.1126/Science 1260901 (2015).

 

    295.     J.E. Padilla, R. Sha, M. Kristiansen, J. Chen, N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, A Signal-Passing DNA Strand Mechanism for an Active Self-Assembly of DNA Nanostructures, Angew. Chemie Int. Ed., 54, 5939-5942 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201500252, (2015).

 

    296.     N. Jonoska & N.C. Seeman, Molecular Ping-Pong Game of Life on a 2D Origami Array, Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. A:  Math., Phys. & Eng. Sci. 373 (2046), Art. # 201402014, DOI:  10.1098/rsta.2014.0215 (2015).

 

    297.     J. Zhao, A.R. Chandrasekaran, Q. Li, X. Li, R. Sha, N.C. Seeman & C. Mao, Post-Assembly Stabilization of Rationally Designed DNA Crystals, Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 54 9936-9939 (2015).

 

    298.     D. Niu, R. Sha, H. Jiang, J.W. Canary & N.C. Seeman, The Unusual and Dynamic Character of PX-DNA, Nucl. Acids Res. 43, 7201-7206 (2015).

 

    299.     N.C. Seeman, R. Sha, J. J. Birktoft, J. Zheng, W. Liu, T. Wang and C. Mao, Designed 3D DNA Crystals, 3D DNA Nanostructure - Methods and Protocols, Y. Ke and P. Wang, eds., Springer, Heidelberg, accepted for publication (2015).

 

    300.     Y. Ohayon, R. Sha, O. Flint, B. Chakraborty, H.K. Subramanian, J. Zheng, A.R. Chandrasekaran, H.O. Abdallah, T. Wang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, N.C. Seeman, Covalent Linkage of One-Dimensional DNA Arrays Bonded by Paranemic Cohesion, ACS Nano 9, 10296-10303 (2015).

 

    301.     Y. Ohayon, R. Sha, O. Flint, A.R. Chandrasekaran, H.O. Abdallah, T. Wang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, N.C. Seeman, Topological Linkage of DNA Tiles Bonded by Paranemic Cohesion, ACS Nano 9, 10304-10312 (2015).

 

    302.     H.O. Abdallah, Y.P. Ohayon, A.R. Chandrasekaran, R. Sha, K.R. Fox, T. Brown, D.A. Rusling, C. Mao, N.C. Seeman, Stabilization of Self-Assembled DNA Crystals by Triplex-Directed Photo-Crosslinking, Chem. Comm., 52, 8014-8017 DOI: 10.1039/c6cc03695c (2016).

 

    303.     H. Joshi, A. Kanshik, N.C. Seeman, P. Maiti, Nanoscale Structure and Elasticity of Pillared DNA Nanotubes, ACS Nano 10, 7780-7791 (2016).

 

 

 

 

 

    304.     C. Simmons, F. Zhang, J.J. Birktoft, X. Qi, D. Han, Y. Liu, R. Sha, H.O. Abdallah, C. Hernandez, Y. Ohayon, N.C. Seeman, H. Yan, Construction and Structure Determination of a Three-dimensional DNA Crystal, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 10047-10054, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b06508 (2016).

 

    305.     P. Paukstelis, N.C. Seeman, 3D DNA Crystals and Nanotechnology, Crystals 6, 97-110, DOI:10.3390/cryst6080097 (2016).

 

Citations (Google Scholar):  >30,000; H-index = 81.

Citations (Web of Science):  >23,000; H-index = 72.

 

 

Books Written:

 

        1.     N.C. Seeman, Structural DNA Nanotechnology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2015, ISBN-10:  0521764483; ISBN-13 978-0521764483, 180 pages.

 

 

Books Edited:

 

        1.     N. Jonoska and N.C. Seeman, DNA Computing, 7th International Workshop on DNA-Based Computers, DNA 2001, Tampa, Florida, June 2001, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2340,  Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-43775, 392 pages (2002).

 

Journal Issues Edited:

 

        1.     N.C. Seeman, C. Mao & H. Yan, Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology, Accts. of Chem. Res. 47(6), July 17, 2014.

 

Abstracts:

 

                Approximately 320 abstracts of oral presentations or posters at scientific meetings.

 

Patents:

 

        1.     N.C. Seeman and Y. Zhang, Solid-Support Methodology for the Synthesis of Multiply-Connected Nucleic Acid Stick Figures.  U.S. Patent #5,278,051, Issued January 11, 1994.

 

        2.     N.C. Seeman, J. Chen and N.R. Kallenbach, Multiply-Connected, Three Dimensional Nucleic Acid Structures.  U.S. Patent #5,386,020, Issued January 31, 1995.

 

        3.     N.C. Seeman and Y. Zhang, Construction of Geometrical Objects from Polynucleotides,  U.S. Patent #5,468,851, Issued November 21, 1995.

 

        4.     N.C. Seeman, X. Li, X. Yang and J. Qi, Nanoconstructions of Geometrical Objects and Lattices from Antiparallel Nucleic Acid Double Crossover Molecules, U.S. Patent #6,072,044, Issued June 06, 2000.

 

        5.     N.C. Seeman, E. Winfree, F. Liu and L. Wenzler Savin, Periodic Two- and Three-Dimensional Nucleic Acid Structures, U.S. Patent #6,255,469, Issued July 03, 2001.

 

        6.     W.B. Sherman & N.C. Seeman, A Nucleic Acid-Based Nanorobotic System, U.S. Patent #7,163,794, Issued January 16, 2007.

 

        7.     L. Zhu, J. Canary, P. Lukeman & N.C. Seeman, Nucleic Acid-Nylon Ladder Polymers, #7,479,548, Issued January 20, 2009.

 

        8.     N.C. Seeman, B. Ding, P.E. Constantinou, T. Wang, J. Kopatsch, X. Zhang, R. Sha & L.B Israel, Polygonal Nanostructures of Polynucleic Acid Multi-Crossover Molecules and Assembly of Lattices Based on Double Crossover Cohesion, #7,598, 363 B2, Issued, October 06, 2009.

 

        9.     N.C. Seeman, H. Yan, X. Zhang, & Z. Shen, A Polynucleic Acid Nanomechanical Device Controlled by Hybridization Topology, #7,612,184, Issued, November 03, 2009.

 

      10.     N.C. Seeman, Jiwen Zheng, Pamela E. Constantinou, Multidimensional organization of heteromolecules by robust DNA motifs, #7,622,567, Issued, November 24, 2009.

 

      11.     J.W. Canary, N.C. Seeman, L. Zhu, P.S. Lukeman, Ladder Copolymers, #7,943,751, Issued, May 17, 2011.

 

      12.     N.C. Seeman, S. Liao, H. Zhong & J,W. Canary,  A Polynucleotide Nanomechanical Device that Acts as an Artificial Ribosome and Translates DNA Signals into Polymer Assembly Instructions, #8,841,428, Issued, September 23, 2014.

 

      13.     P.M. Chaikin, D. Pine & N.C. Seeman, Self-Replicating Materials, #9,206,471, Issued December 08, 2015.